ADULLAM


ADULLAM
ADULLAM (Heb. עֲדֻלָּם), city in Judah in biblical times. It was originally a Canaanite town, the seat of Hirah the Adullamite (friend and father-in-law of Judah (Gen. 38:1, 12, 20). Adullam's king was defeated by Joshua and the city is mentioned together with 13 others as belonging to the second district of Judah (Josh. 12:15; 5:35). This region contained many caves which could offer refuge to outlaws. In one of these, David hid after fleeing from Saul, and it served as his headquarters for a time during his war with the Philistines (I Sam. 22:1). It was there that the three "mighty men" brought David water from the well at Beth-Lehem (II Sam. 23:13; I Chron. 11:15 ff.; Jos., Ant., 6:247). Rehoboam included Adullam in his line of fortifications beside Soco in the valley of Elah (II Chron. 11:7). After the return from Babylonian exile it is mentioned in Nehemiah 11:30 among the places inhabited by Jews. It remained a Jewish town in Hasmonean times (II Macc. 12:38, cf. I Macc. 5:59–60); Judah the Maccabee withdrew to Adullam after his battle against Gorgias near Marissa (Mareshah) in 163 B.C.E. Eusebius (Onom., 24:21) describes fourth-century Adullam as a large village, 10 Roman mi. east of Eleutheropolis (Bet Guvrin). It has been identified with al-Sheikh Madhkūr, 9 mi. (15 km.) northeast of Bet Guvrin. The name Adulam may have survived in Khirbat ʾId al-Māʾ (or Miyeh) in the vicinity of that tell.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Clermont-Ganneau, Arch, 2 (1899), 429 ff.; Dalman, in: PJB, 9 (1913), 33 ff.; Albright, in: BASOR, 15 (1924), 3 ff.; Abel, in: RB, 33 (1924), 22; Beyer, in: ZDPV, 54 (1931), 115; Abel, Geog, 2 (1938), 239; Press, Ereẓ, 4 (1955), 686; Aharoni, Land, index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Japhet, I & II Chronicles (1993), 665–66. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adullam — is a town referred to in the Hebrew Bible. It was one of the royal cities of the Canaanites (Joshua 12:15; 15:35). It stood near the highway which later became the Roman road in the Valley of Elah, the scene of David s memorable victory over… …   Wikipedia

  • Adullam — • Details on two places with this name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Adullam     Adullam     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Adullam — (a. Geogr.), Stadt im Stamme Juda,[148] von Rehaleam befestigt; dabei Höhle, in welcher sich David verbarg …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Adullam — Adullam, alte kanaanit. Stadt, im Gebiete des Stammes Juda, bekannt durch die Höhle, in der sich der Sage nach (in Wahrheit war es eine Burg) David vor Saul verbarg. Nach der Tradition ist es die Höhle bei Charetûn unweit Bethlehem. Doch lag A.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adullam — Adullam, alte kanaanit. Stadt in Juda; in der Höhle von A. verbarg sich David vor Saul …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adullam — Adullam, Stadt im südl. Palästina mit einer großen Höhle, in der sich David vor Saul verbarg, auch in späterer Kriegszeit Zufluchtsort der Anwohner …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ADULLAM — nomen civitatis. Ios. c. 12. v. 15 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Adullamʿ — ▪ ancient city, Israel       ancient city and modern development region, in the upper part of Ha Shefela, central Israel. The mound of Tel ʿAdullam, or orbat (“Ruins of”) ʿAdullam (Arabic: Tall Ash Shaykh Madhkūr), 22.5 miles (36 km) southwest… …   Universalium

  • Adullam — Die Liste geographischer und ethnografischer Bezeichnungen in der Bibel kann alle Namen von Orten, Bergen, Flüssen, Seen, Meeren, Inseln, Heiligtümern, Ländern, Völkern umfassen, die in der Bibel (Hebräische Bibel bzw. Altes Testament und Neues… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 'Adullam — Adulam es una villa antigua de Israel, ubicada a 24 km hacia el suroeste de Jerusalén. La caverna de Adulam situada a las afueras, fue desde los primeros tiempos un lugar de refugio; es mencionada varias veces en la Biblia, como en el pasaje …   Wikipedia Español


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